For Educators: For Educators: Women of the Congressional Black Caucus

Vocabulary

Advocacy: The act or process of advocating or supporting a cause or proposal.

Civil Rights: The nonpolitical rights of a citizen; the rights of personal liberty guaranteed to United States citizens by the 13th and 14th amendments to the Constitution and by acts of Congress.

Congress: The legislative branch of the United States made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives.

Congressional Black Caucus: The caucus is an organization comprised of African-American members of the United States Congress. It was founded during the 92nd Congress (1971-1973). Shirley Chisholm was the only women among the founding members. The caucus advocates for the equity of people of African descent in domestic and international political, economic, and social policies, services, and programs.

Congressional District: A territorial division of a state from which a member of the United States House of Representatives is elected.

Constituent: A citizen within the district of an elected Congressional member.

Equal Rights Amendment: A 1972 proposed amendment to the United States Constitution calling for the end under law of denied or abridged equality of rights based on sex. If passed, this law would have given the federal government the power to enforce equal treatment (economic, political, and social) among men and women.

Feminism: The theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes.

Healthcare: The maintaining and restoration of health by the treatment and prevention of disease especially by trained and licensed professionals (as medicine, dentistry, clinical psychology, and public health).

Legislation: The action of making laws that are enforced by an official body like the United States Congress or a state or local government.

United States House of Representative: One of two bodies of the legislative branch in which a state's population determines its number of representatives.

United States Senate: One of the two bodies of the legislative branch in which each state has two senators, ensuring equal representation among the states.

Women's Rights: Freedoms and entitlements claimed for women and girls of all ages in many national and international societies. These rights vary from place to place and are subject to laws, behavior, or local custom that may deny these entitlements to females. Women's Rights movements are continuous in all countries and societies to guard and fight for equal treatment of women and girls.

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