Origins of the CBC

Roll Call: Black Members of Congress

Blacks in Congress By Decade*

1868-1880

 

Senate

 

Hiram Rhodes Revels
(1822-1901)

Party: Republican
State: Mississippi
Term: 41st Congress (1870-1871)
 

Blanche K. Bruce
(1841-1881)

Party: Republican
State: Mississippi
Term: 44th-46th Congresses (1875-1881)
 

House of Representatives

 

John Willis Menard*
(1838-1893)

Party: Republican
District: Louisiana
Term: 40th Congress (1868)
*Elected to office, but not seated
 

Joseph H. Rainey
(1832-1887)

Party: Republican
State: South Carolina
Term: 41st-45th Congresses (1870-1879)
 

Jefferson F. Long
(1836-1900)

Party: Republican
State: Georgia
Term: 41st Congress (1870-1871)
 

Robert C. DeLarge
(1842-1874)

Party: Republican
State: South Carolina
Term: 42nd Congress (1871-1873)
 

Robert B. Elliott
(1842-1884)

Party: Republican
State: South Carolina
Term: 42nd-43rd Congresses (1871-1874)
 

Benjamin S. Turner
(1825-1894)

Party: Republican
State: Alabama
Term: 42nd Congress (1871-1873)
 

Josiah T. Walls
(1842-1905)

Party: Republican      
State: Florida
Term: 42nd, 43rd and 44th Congresses (1871-1873, 1873-1875 and 1875-1876)
 

Richard Harvey Cain
(1825-1887)

Party: Republican
State: South Carolina
Term: 43rd and 45th Congresses (1873-1875 and 1877-1879)
 

John R. Lynch
(1847-1939)

Party: Republican
State: Mississippi
Term: 43rd-44th and 47th Congresses (1873-1877 and 1882-1883)
 

James T. Rapier
(1837-1883)

Party: Republican
State: Alabama
Term: 43rd Congress (1873-1875)
 

Alonzo J. Ransier
(1834-1882)

Party: Republican
State: South Carolina
Term: 43rd Congress (1873-1875)
 

Jeremiah Haralson
(1846-1916)

Party: Republican
State: Alabama
Term: 44th Congress (1846-1916)
 

John Adams Hyman
(1840-1891)

Party: Republican
State: North Carolina
Term: 44th Congress (1875-1877)
 

Charles E. Nash
(1844-1913)

Party: Republican
State: Louisiana
Term: 44th Congress (1875-1877)
 

James E. O’Hara
(1844-1905)

Party: Republican
State: North Carolina
Term: 48th-49th Congresses (1883-1887)
 

Robert Smalls
(1839-1915)

Party: Republican
State: South Carolina
Term: 44th-45th, 47th and 48th-49th Congresses (1875-1879, 1882-1883 and 1884-1887)
 

Henry P. Cheatham
(1857-1935)

Party: Republican
State: North Carolina
Term: 51st-52nd Congresses (1889-1893)
 

1880-1890

 

House of Representatives

 

John M. Langston
(1829-1897)

Party: Republican
State: Virginia
Term: 51st Congress (1890-1891)
 

Thomas E. Miller
(1849-1936)

Party: Republican
State: South Carolina
Term: 51st Congress (1890-1891)
 

George W. Murray
(1853-1926)

Party: Republican
State: South Carolina
Term: 53rd-54th Congresses (1983-1895 and 1896-1897)
 

1890-1900

 

House of Representatives

 

George H. White
(1852-1918)

Party: Republican
State: North Carolina
Term: 55th-58th Congresses (1897-1901)
 

1920-1930

 

House of Representatives

 

Oscar S. DePriest
(1871-1951)
 

Party: Republican
State: Illinois
Term: 71st-73rd Congresses (1929-1935)
 

1930-1940

 

House of Representatives

 

Arthur W. Mitchell
(1883-1968)

Party: Democrat
State: Illinois
Term: 74th-77th Congresses (1935-1943)
 

1940-1950

 

House of Representatives

 

William L. Dawson
(1886-1970)

Party: Democrat
State: Illinois
Term: 78th-91st Congresses (1943-1970)
 

Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.
(1908-1972)

Party: Democrat
State: New York
Term: 79th-89th and 91st Congresses (1945-1967 and 1967-1971)
 

1950-1960

 

House of Representatives

 

Charles C. Diggs, Jr.
(1922-1998)

Party: Democrat
State: Michigan
Term: 84th-96th Congresses (1955-1980)
 

Robert N.C. Nix, Sr.
(1898-1987)

Party: Democrat
State: Pennsylvania
Term: 85th-95th Congresses (1958-1979)
 

1960-1970

 

Senate

 

Edward W. Brooke
(1919-2015)

Party: Republican
State: Massachusetts
Term: 90th-95th Congresses (1967-1979)
 

House of Representatives

 

Augustus F. Hawkins
(1907-2007)

Party: Democrat
State: California
Term: 88th-101st Congresses (1963-1991)
 

John Conyers, Jr.
(1929- )

Party: Democrat
State: Michigan
Term: 89th-Present Congresses (1965-Present)
 

William L. Clay, Sr.
(1931- )

Party: Democrat
State: Missouri
Term: 91st-106th Congresses (1969-2001)
 

Louis Stokes
(1925-2015)

Party: Democrat
State: Ohio
Term: 91st-105th Congresses (1969-1999)
 

Shirley A. Chisholm
(1924-2005)

Party: Democrat
State: New York
Term: 91st-97th Congresses (1969-1983)
 

1970-1980

 

House of Representatives

 

George W. Collins
(1926-1972)

Party: Democrat
State: Illinois
Term: 91st-92nd Congresses (1970-1972)
 

Ronald V. Dellums
(1935- )

Party: Democrat
State: California
Term: 92nd-105th Congresses (1971-1998)
 

Ralph H. Metcalfe
(1910-1978)

Party: Democrat
State: Illinois
Term: 92nd-95th Congresses (1971-1978)
 

Parren J. Mitchell
(1922-2007)

Party: Democrat
State: Maryland
Term: 92nd-99th Congresses (1971-1987)
 

Charles B. Rangel
(1930- )

Party: Democrat
State: New York
Term: 92nd-Present Congresses (1971-Present)
 

Yvonne Braithwaite Burke
(1932- )

Party: Democrat
State: California
Term: 93rd-95th Congresses (1973-1979)
 

Cardiss Collins
(1931-2013)

Party: Democrat
State: Illinois
Term: 93rd-104th Congresses (1973-1997)
 

Barbara C. Jordan
(1936-1996)

Party: Democrat
State: Texas
Term: 93rd-95th Congresses (1973-1979)
 

Andrew J. Young
(1932- )

Party: Democrat
State: Georgia
Term: 93rd-95th Congresses (1973-1977)
 

Harold E. Ford, Sr.
(1945- )

Party: Democrat
State: Tennessee
Term: 94th-104th Congresses (1975-1997)
 

Julian C. Dixon
(1934-2000)

Party: Democrat
State: California
Term: 96th-106th Congresses (1979-2000)
 

William H. Gray, III
(1941- )

Party: Democrat
State: Pennsylvania
Term: 96th-102nd Congresses (1979-1991)
 

George T. (Mickey) Leland
(1944-1989)

Party: Democrat
State: Texas
Term: 96th-101st Congresses (1979-1989)
 

Bennett M. Stewart
(1912-1988)

Party: Democrat
State: Illinois
Term: 96th Congress (1979-1981)
 

Walter E. Fauntroy
(1933- )

Party: Democrat
State: District of Columbia
Term: 93rd-101st Congresses (1971-1991)
 

Melvin H. Evans

Party: Democrat
State: Virgin Islands
Term: 96th Congress (1979-1981)
 

1980-1990

 

House of Representatives

 

George W. Crockett
(1909-1997)

Party: Democrat
State: Michigan
Term: 96th-101st Congresses (1980-1991)
 

Mervyn M. Dymally
(1926-2012)

Party: Democrat
State: California
Term: 97th-102nd Congresses (1981-1993)
 

Gus Savage
(1925- )

Party: Democrat
State: Illinois
Term: 97th-102nd Congresses (1981-1993)
 

Harold D. Washington
(1922-1987)

Party: Democrat
State: Illinois
Term: 97th-98th Congresses (1981-1983)
 

Katie B. Hall
(1938-2012)

Party: Democrat
State: Indiana
Term: 97th-98th Congresses (1982-1985)
 

Major R. Owens
(1936-2013)

Party: Democrat
State: New York
Term: 98th-110th Congresses (1983-2007)
 

Edolphus Towns
(1934- )

Party: Democrat
State: New York
Term: 98th-113th Congresses (1983-2013)
 

Alan D. Wheat
(1951- )

Party: Democrat
State: Missouri
Term: 98th-103rd Congresses (1983-1995)
 

Charles A. Hayes
(1918-1997)

Party: Democrat
State: Illinois
Term: 98th-102nd Congresses (1983-1993)
 

Alton R. Waldon, Jr.
(1936- )

Party: Democrat
State: New York
Term: 99th Congress (1986-1987)
 

Albert M. (Mike) Espy
(1953- )

Party: Democrat
State: Mississippi
Term: 100th-103rd Congresses (1987-1993)
 

Floyd H. Flake
(1945- )

Party: Democrat
State: New York
Term: 100th-105th Congresses (1987-1997)
 

John R. Lewis
(1940- )

Party: Democrat
State: Georgia
Term: 100th-Present Congresses (1987-Present)
 

Kweisi Mfume
(1948- )

Party: Democrat
State: Maryland
Term: 100th-104th Congresses (1987-1996)
 

Donald M. Payne
(1934-2012)

Party: Democrat
State: New Jersey
Term: 101st-112th Congresses (1989-2012)
 

Craig A. Washington
(1941- )

Party: Democrat
State: Texas
Term: 101st-103rd Congresses (1989-1995)
 

1990-2000

 

Senate

 

Carol Moseley-Braun
(1947- )

Party: Democrat
State: Illinois
Term: 103rd-105th Congresses (1993-1999)
 

House of Representatives

 

Barbara-Rose Collins
(1939- )

Party: Democrat
State: Michigan
Term: 102nd-104th Congresses (1991-1997)
 

Gary A. Franks
(1953- )

Party: Republican
State: Connecticut
Term: 102nd-104th Congresses (1991-1997)
 

William J. Jefferson
(1947- )

Party: Democrat
State: Louisiana
Term: 102nd-110th (1991-2009)
 

Maxine Waters
(1938- )

Party: Democrat
State: California
Term: 102nd-Present Congresses (1991-Present)
 

Lucien E. Blackwell
(1931-2003)

Party: Democrat
State: Pennsylvania
Term: 102nd-103rd Congresses (1991-1995)
 

Eva M. Clayton
(1934- )

Party: Democrat
State: North Carolina
Term: 102nd-107th Congresses (1992-2003)
 

Sanford D. Bishop, Jr.
(1947- )

Party: Democrat
State: Georgia
Term: 103rd-Present Congresses (1993-Present)
 

Corrine Brown
(1946- )

Party: Democrat
State: Florida
Term: 103rd-Present Congresses (1993-Present)
 

James E. Clyburn
(1940- )

Party: Democrat
State: South Carolina
Term: 103rd-Present Congresses (1993-Present)
 

Cleo Fields
(1962- )

Party: Democrat
State: Louisiana
Term: 103rd-104th Congresses (1993-1997)
 

Alcee L. Hastings
(1936- )

Party: Democrat
State: Florida
Term: 103rd-Present Congresses (1993-Present)
 

Earl F. Hilliard
(1942- )

Party: Democrat
State: Alabama
Term: 103rd-107th Congresses (1993-2003)
 

Eddie Bernice Johnson
(1935- )

Party: Democrat
State: Texas
Term: 103rd-Present Congresses (1993-Present)
 

Cynthia A. McKinney
(1955- )

Party: Democrat
State: Georgia
Term: 103rd-107th and 109th Congresses (1993-2003 and 2005-2007)
 

Carrie P. Meek
(1926- )

Party: Democrat
State: Florida
Term: 103rd-107th Congresses (1993-2003)
 

Melvin J. Reynolds
(1952- )

Party: Democrat
State: Illinois
Term: 103rd-104th Congresses (1993-1995)
 

Bobby L. Rush
(1946- )

Party: Democrat
State: Illinois
Term: 103rd-Present congresses (1993-Present)
 

Robert C. Scott
(1947- )

Party: Democrat
State: Illinois
Term: 103rd-Present Congresses (1993-Present)
 

Walter R. Tucker III
(1957- )

Party: Democrat
State: California
Term: 103rd-104th Congresses (1993-1995)
 

Melvin L. Watt
(1945- )

Party: Democrat
State: North Carolina
Term: 103rd-Present Congresses (1993-Present)
 

Albert R. Wynn
(1951- )

Party: Democrat
State: Maryland
Term: 103rd-110th Congresses (1993-2008)
 

Bennie G. Thompson
(1948- )

Party: Democrat
State: Mississippi
Term:  103rd-Present Congresses (1993-Present)
 

Chaka Fattah
(1956- )

Party: Democrat
State: Pennsylvania
Term: 104th-Present Congresses (1995-Present)
 

Sheila Jackson Lee
(1950- )

Party: Democrat
State: Texas
Term: 104th-Present Congresses (1995-Present)
 

J.C. Watts, Jr.
(1957-)

Party: Republican
State: Oklahoma
Term: 104th-107th Congresses (1995-2003)
 

Jesse L. Jackson, Jr.
(1965- )

Party: Democrat
State: Illinois
Term: 104th-112th Congresses (1995-2012)
 

Juanita Millender-McDonald
(1938-2007)

Party: Democrat
State: California
Term: 104th-110th Congresses (1996-2007)
 

Elijah E. Cummings
(1951- )

Party: Democrat
State: Maryland
Term: 104th-Present Congresses (1996-Present)
 

Julia M. Carson
(1938-2007)

Party: Democrat
State: Indiana
Term: 105th-110th Congresses (1997-2007)
 

Danny K. Davis
(1941- )

Party: Democrat
State: Illinois
Term: 105th-Present Congresses (1997-Present)
 

Harold E. Ford, Jr.
(1970- )

Party: Democrat
State: Tennessee
Term: 105th-109th Congresses (1997-2007)
 

Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick
(1945- )

Party: Democrat
State: Michigan
Term: 105th-111th (1997-2011)
 

Gregory W. Meeks
(1953- )

Party: Democrat
State: New York
Term: 105th-Present Congresses (1998-Present)
 

Barbara Lee
(1946- )

Party: Democrat
State: California
Term: 105th-Present Congresses (1998-Present)
 

Stephanie Tubbs Jones
(1949-2008)

Party: Democrat
State: Ohio
Term: 106th-110th Congresses (1999-2008)
 

Eleanor Holmes Norton
(1937- )

Party: Democrat
State: District of Columbia
Term: 102nd-Present Congresses (1991-Present)
 

Victor O. Frazer
(1943- )

Party: Independent
State: Virgin Islands
Term: 104th Congress (1995-1997)
 

Donna Christian-Christensen
(1945- )

Party: Democrat
State: Virgin Islands
Term: 105th-Present Congresses (1997-Present)
 

2000-Present

 

Senate

 

Barack Obama
(1961- )

Party: Democrat
State: Illinois
Term: 109th-110th Congresses (2005-2008)
 

Roland W. Burris
(1937- )

Party: Democrat
State: Illinois
Term: 111th Congress (2009-2010)
 

Tim Scott
(1965- )

Party: Republican
State: South Carolina
Term: 113th Congress (2013-2015)
 

William "Mo" Cowan
(1969- )

Party: Democrat
State: Massachusetts
Term: 113th Congress (2013-2015)
 

Cory Booker
(1969- )

Party: Democrat
State: New Jersey
Term: 113th Congress (2013-2015)
 

House of Representatives

 

William Lacy Clay, Jr.
(1956- )

Party: Democrat
State: Missouri
Term: 107th-Present Congresses (2001-Present)
 

Diane E. Watson
(1933- )

Party: Democrat
State: California
Term: 107th-Present Congresses (2001-Present)
 

Frank W. Ballance, Jr.
(1942- )

Party: Democrat
State: North Carolina
Term: 108th Congress (2003-2004)
 

Artur Davis
(1967- )

Party: Democrat
State: Alabama
Term: 108th-111th Congresses (2003-2011)
 

Denise L. Majette
(1955- )

Party: Democrat
State: Georgia
Term: 108th Congress (2003-2005)
 

Kendrick Meek
(1966- )

Party: Democrat
State: Florida
Term: 108th-111th
 

David Scott
(1946- )

Party: Democrat
State: Georgia
Term: 108th-Present Congresses (2003-Present)
 

G.K. Butterfield
(1947- )

Party: Democrat
State: North Carolina
Term: 108th-Present Congresses (2004-Present)
 

Emanuel Cleaver
(1944- )

Party: Democrat
State: Missouri
Term: 109th-Present Congresses (2005-Present)
 

Al Green
(1947- )

Party: Democrat
State: Texas
Term: 109th-Present Congresses (2005-Present)
 

Gwen Moore
(1951- )

Party: Democrat
State: Wisconsin
Term: 109th-Present Congresses (2005-Present)
 

Yvette D. Clarke
(1964- )

Party: Democrat
State: New York
Term: 110th-Present Congresses (2007-Present)
 

Keith Ellison
(1963- )

Party: Democrat
State: Minnesota
Term: 110th-Present Congresses (2007-Present)
 

Henry C. (Hank) Johnson
(1954- )

Party: Democrat
State: Georgia
Term: 110th-Present Congresses (2007-Present)
 

Laura Richardson
(1962- )

Party: Democrat
State: California
Term: 110th-Present Congresses (2007-Present)
 

André Carson
(1974- )

Party: Democrat
State: Indiana
Term: 110th-Present Congresses (2008-Present)
 

Donna F. Edwards
(1958- )

Party: Democrat
State: Maryland
Term: 110th-Present Congresses (2008-Present)
 

Marcia L. Fudge
(1952- )

Party: Democrat
State: Ohio
Term: 110th-Present Congresses (2008-Present)
 

Karen Bass
(1953- )

Party: Democrat
State: California
Term: 112th-Present Congresses (2011-Present)
 

Hansen Clarke
(1957- )

Party: Democrat
State: Michigan
Term: 112th-Present Congresses (2011-Present)
 

Terri A. Sewell
(1965- )

Party: Democrat
State: Alabama
Term: 112th-Present Congresses (2011-Present)
 

Tim Scott
(1965- )

Party: Republican
State: South Carolina
Term: 112th-113th Congresses (2011-2013)
 

Cedric Richmond
(1973- )

Party: Democrat
State: Louisiana
Term: 112th-Present Congresses (2011-Present)
 

Allen B. West
(1961- )

Party: Republican
State: Florida
Term: 112th-Present Congresses (2011-Present)
 

Frederica S. Wilson
(1942- )

Party: Democrat
State: Florida
Term: 112th-Present Congresses (2011-Present)
 

Joyce Beatty
(1950- )

Party: Democrat
State: Ohio
Term: 113th-Present
 

Steven Horsford
(1973- )

Party: Democrat
State: Nevada
Term: 113th-Present
 

Hakeem Jeffries
(1970- )

Party: Democrat
State: New York
Term: 113th-Present
 

Donald Payne Jr.
(1958- )

Party: Democrat
State: Texas
Term: 113th-Present
 

Marc Veasey
(1971- )

Party: Democrat
State: Texas
Term: 113th-Present
 

Robin Kelly
(1956- )

Party: Democrat
State: Illinois
Term: 113th-Present
 

Alma Adams
(1946- )

Party: Democrat
State: North Carolina
Term: 114th-Present
 

Brenda Lawrence
(1954- )

Party: Democrat
State: Michigan
Term: 114th-Present
 

Mia Love
(1975- )

Party: Republican
State: Utah
Term: 114th-Present
 

Stacey Plaskett
(1966- )

Party: Democrat
State: Virgin Islands
Term: 114th-Present
 

Bonnie Watson Coleman
(1945- )

Party: Democrat
State: New Jersey
Term: 114th-Present
 

*Not in order of seniority.

 

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